3.00 FYI France: Ejournal and archive

by Jack Kessler, kessler@well.sf.ca.us

September 15, 1999 issue. This file presents an archive copy of the issue of the FYI France ejournal, ISSN 1071-5916, which was distributed via email on September 15, 1999.

From this point you can link / jump up to the main page for,

3.00 FYI France: Ejournal and archive

or to,

The FYI France Home Page

Versions of the following have appeared online regularly, since 1992, as a feature of the FYI France ejournal, ISSN 1071-5916, which is distributed for free via email every month except August. Ejournal subscriptions may be obtained via email request to: kessler@well.sf.ca.us

Here this file is one of a number made available -- hopefully attractively, all in one place, and relevant to libraries and online digital information work in France and Europe -- as part of FYI France (sm)(tm), an online service to which anyone can subscribe for 12 months by postal mailing a check for US $45, payable to Jack Kessler, to PO Box 460668, San Francisco, California, USA 94146 (site licenses also are available): please write your email address on the front of your check. Please email suggestions for improvements to me at kessler@well.sf.ca.us


New things at Lascaux, and BnF statistics

One of the greatest contributions which digital media can make is to give us new ways of looking at old information. The newest version of the Lascaux Caves W3 site,


provides a very new look at some of the oldest. A user now sees the paintings as their original prehistoric artists might have seen them: a "candlelight view" -- a small circle of light, guided with the user's own mouse across the digital image the way a hand - held candle might have moved across a painted wall in that dark cave long ago -- not thrusting all the glaring and flat colors of a printed page, and crowding in too many images and not - always - interesting printed text, but dramatically revealing the paintings and their subtle coloration only bit by tantalizing bit...

I remember -- very well, for any who would deny it today -- the revelation involved when art historians decided that the Romanesque and Gothic cathedrals had been colored in bright polychrome. Some of them had known this. But they hadn't told the rest of us. Our old black - and - white photograph textbooks, and professorial effusions about architectural "forms in space", had convinced us that the old churches had been black - and - white: Cistercians all.

The idea that Moissac, and Chartres, and Rheims -- and their carvings! -- had been been painted bright colors in their originals was hard to imagine. Only a trip to a "living" bright polychrome cathedral at Madurai in India can evoke what the dirty, smelly, noisy, and vibrant and brilliant life must have been like which surrounded the French sites during their 12th and 13th centuries.

Likewise with much of art, including music and printed / manuscript texts, and certainly with its context: anything traditional, as in not - yet - hung - on - a - museum - wall, had a context which is hard to recreate now -- think of the sterility of most archaeology and anthropology exhibits.

Andre' Malraux:

Can the new digital media help us with this? Malraux's point was not that either the Western museum or the Asiatic approach to art was "better", but that each was "different", that each made its own unique contribution to opening up the art to our view and appreciation. Now, with digital publishing and the Internet, we truly have achieved the "Museum Without Walls" of which Malraux could only dream back in the 1950s. [See also his Museum Without Walls (London : Secker & Warburg, 1967) tr. Stuart Gilbert & Francis Price.]

But too often we simply dump 1950s and older material into it: soup cans and soft toilets get mixed in with Renaissance paintings and medieval illuminations, on the Internet -- monumental sculpture and architecture get lined up with miniatures, and computer tube users cannot tell the difference, certainly in scale and often as well in texture and color and significance.

There is so much more that might be done with the new techniques. The Lascaux Caves site is doing this, I suggest. Like the Cluny Project, which offered medievalists their first real "walk" through an architecture which has been in total ruins since the 18th century --


-- the Lascaux Caves site now gives a student, and even an established art historian, a "new take" on cave painting.

I attended a fascinating demonstration here in San Francisco a few weeks ago, at the California Academy of Sciences, of techniques which cave painters might have used in making paintings like those at Lascaux. An enthusiastic and talented Chuck Kritzon --


-- showed us how native rocks could be broken and mixed to form colors, and native plants twisted to make brushes, and then proceeded to draw and paint the famous bison and horses and a mastodon on a wall... so much better than a dim photo in an old Janson or Gardner edition, even one in color in the newer versions.

One great problem, Kritzon pointed out, is viewing the pictures: photos and spotlights nowadays give the wrong impression -- prehistoric men and women would have seen these images by the light of "fat lamps", which he showed us how to make, and these sputter and flicker and give off smoke and an aura of mystery and revelation.

This is achieved, better than in a book, by the Lascaux Caves W3 site now I think, with its "wandering eye" which reveals the images only in parts and slowly. Just so, other digital techniques can / should be used to give us new views of old images and information. Anyone visiting London, for example, must see the British Library's fascinating "Turning the Pages" exhibition -- see,


although "Turning the Pages" is not in HTML, yet -- you literally can "thumb through" a treasure like the Lindisfarne Gospels without, librarians take note, leaving thumbprints...

Old wine in new bottles, but some impressive new bottles, changing the taste and color which we thought the old wine had, ever so slightly...



The President of the Bibliothèque nationale de France, Jean-Pierre Angrémy, announced on September 4 the summer usage statistics for the BnF. These may be interesting for any of you either fascinated by bibliometrics, equipped with figures of your own which you can use for comparison, or critical of the BnF's user - friendliness / unfriendliness reputation. Remember that "summer" in Paris is a lot more dead than summer is elsewhere.

The stats:

And things are not standing still -- no laurels - coasting -- technical work continues on retrospective conversion: "We are preparing for a new era for the BnF: one -- very near -- which will offer a single multimedia catalog for all of the collections of the library...".

Brave New World, la BnF -- félicitations.



FYI France (sm)(tm) e-journal                   ISSN 1071 - 5916

      |           FYI France (sm)(tm) is a monthly electronic
      |           journal published since 1992 as a small-scale,
      |           personal experiment, in the creation of large- 
      |           scale "information overload", by Jack Kessler. 
     / \          Any material written by me which appears in 
    -----         FYI France may be copied and used by anyone for 
   //   \\        any good purpose, so long as, a) they give me 
  ---------       credit and show my email address, and, b) it 
 //       \\      isn't going to make them money: if it is going 
		  to make them money, they must get my permission 
in advance, and share some of the money which they get with me. 
Use of material written by others requires their permission. 
FYI France archives may be found at http://infolib.berkeley.edu 
(search fyifrance), or http://www.cru.fr/listes/biblio-fr@cru.fr/
(BIBLIO-FR econference archive), or at http://www.fyifrance.com , 
or at http://listserv.uh.edu/archives/pacs-l.html . Suggestions,
reactions, criticisms, praise, and poison-pen letters all will be
gratefully received at kessler@well.sf.ca.us 

        	Copyright 1992- , by Jack Kessler, 
	all rights reserved except as expressed above.


From this point you can link / jump up to,

The FYI France Home Page ,

or you can link / jump over to:

1.00 FYI France: Print Libraries in France
2.00 FYI France: Digital Libraries in France
3.00 FYI France: E-Newsletter and Archive
4.00 FYI France: Publishers in France
5.00 FYI France: Book-Dealers in France
6.00 FYI France: Calendar
7.00 FYI France: Discussion and Debate
8.00 FYI France: La Francophonie
9.00 FYI France: Internet Training & Consulting
10.00 FYI France: Essai
11.00 FYI France: Translation Services
12.00 FYI France: Bibliographies / Resource Lists
or you can,
Return to the top of this page .

M. Eiffel

Copyright © 1992- by Jack Kessler, all rights reserved.
W3 site maintained at http://www.fyifrance.com
Document maintained by: Jack Kessler, kessler@well.sf.ca.us
Last update: September 23, 1999